Epidemiolodical research papers obesity prospective stud
results cannot be generalized to all people regardless of the above variations. Flegals meta-analysis showed that overweight did not increase mortality risk, 1 but a much larger meta-analysis found that overweight did increase risk when the analysis was restricted to nonsmokers at baseline. Limited evidence from population studies support a role for leptin in the link between short sleep and higher BMI. Eisenmann JC, Ekkekakis P, Holmes. In each age group, the prevalence of overweight approximately tripled over these three decades. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association. PLoS One 2015 ; 10 : e0119827. A subsequent laboratory study addressed this limitation by using a randomized crossover design to compare the impact of restricted versus extended sleep and observed consistent effects of sleep restriction on appetite regulation.
Sleep and the epidemic of obesity in children and adults - ncbi - NIH
After sleep restriction, the increase in appetite was particularly strong for nutrients with a high carbohydrate content as if the sleep-deprived brain craved its primary fuel, glucose. Kuriyan R, Bhat S, Thomas T,. Sleep and the body mass index and overweight status of children and adolescents. Weight loss after weight gain, or weight gain after weight loss) at multiple time points. Westerlund L, Ray C, Roos. Table 2 Number of published epidemiological studies on the relationship between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI) or prevalence or incidence of overweight/obesity.
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